Effects of macronutrient composition of the diet on body fat in indigenous people at high risk of type 2 diabetes
posted by Research Admin on 11 May 2012
Year of Publication
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 96 (1), 40–46.
Journal article (peer reviewed)
This study compared, in Māori at risk of type 2 diabetes, advice emphasizing fiber rich carbohydrate and fat reduction and a high protein diet incorporating food preferences of indigenous people, with a control group. The researchers randomised 84 Māori to three study groups: consecutive 8-week periods of supervised bodyweight loss, supervised bodyweight maintenance and unsupervised adherence to prescribed diets that emphasised fibre-rich carbohydrate and fat reduction and high protein using culturally sensitive methods. Compared with controls, the high protein and fibre-rich carbohydrate/fat reduction diets were associated with reductions in bodyweight, while only the high protein diet was associated with reductions in total body fat and waist circumference; diet records indicated that compliance to the high protein diet was reasonable. In the fibre-rich carbohydrate/fat reduction diet, carbohydrate intake, but not dietary fibre, increased at the expense of fat.
Type of Study
Randomised controlled trial
How to Access
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