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Diet, nutrition and physical activity: Energy balance and body fatness (World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research)

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posted by Research Admin on 12 November 2018

This report provides increased evidence that weight gain, overweight and obesity are not caused by any one single factor, but by patterns of factors which are often inter-related, such as sedentary behaviour and the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.

The findings include strong evidence that:

  • aerobic physical activity decreases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity. Walking protects against weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • consuming foods containing dietary fibre decreases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • consuming a ‘Mediterranean type’ dietary pattern decreases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • having been breastfed decreases the risk of excess weight gain, overweight and obesity for children
  • greater screen time increases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • consuming sugar sweetened drinks increases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • consuming ‘fast foods’ increases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • consuming a ‘Western type’ diet increases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity

The report is available at: https://www.wcrf.org/dietandcancer/energy-balance-body-fatness

World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research. (2018). Continuous Update Project Expert Report 2018. Diet, nutrition and physical activity: Energy balance and body fatness.

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