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Diet, nutrition and physical activity: Energy balance and body fatness (World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research)

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posted by Research Admin on 2018-11-12 22:27:25.428

This report provides increased evidence that weight gain, overweight and obesity are not caused by any one single factor, but by patterns of factors which are often inter-related, such as sedentary behaviour and the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.

The findings include strong evidence that:

  • aerobic physical activity decreases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity. Walking protects against weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • consuming foods containing dietary fibre decreases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • consuming a ‘Mediterranean type’ dietary pattern decreases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • having been breastfed decreases the risk of excess weight gain, overweight and obesity for children
  • greater screen time increases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • consuming sugar sweetened drinks increases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • consuming ‘fast foods’ increases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity
  • consuming a ‘Western type’ diet increases the risk of weight gain, overweight and obesity

The report is available at: https://www.wcrf.org/dietandcancer/energy-balance-body-fatness

World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research. (2018). Continuous Update Project Expert Report 2018. Diet, nutrition and physical activity: Energy balance and body fatness.

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