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Micros vs. macros: Everything you need to know

Nutrition Tip

posted by Research Admin 1 on 26 March 2020

Medical News Today, 18 March, 2020

People need both macros and micros in their diet, but what are they, and does tracking them help?

Macronutrients and micronutrients are types of nutrients in food. Some people call them “macros” and “micros,” respectively.

Nutrition professionals and government guidelines recommend that people include certain amounts of these nutrients in their diets.

This article looks at what they are, the differences between them, how much people need, and different diets that count them.

 Macronutrients vs. micronutrients

People need macronutrients in their diet in fairly large amounts. Macronutrients provide energy and help keep a person healthy. They are present in:

  • carbohydrates, such as grains, bread, pasta, vegetables, and fruits
  • protein, such as meat, fish, eggs, beans, tofu, and dairy
  • fats, such as oils, dairy, meat, fish, nuts, avocados, and olives

Micronutrients are necessary in smaller quantities for a variety of functions in the body. Micronutrients include vitamins and minerals.

People usually measure macronutrients in grams (g) and micronutrients in either milligrams (mg) or micrograms (mcg).

How much do you need?

People need different amounts of macronutrients and micronutrients in order to maintain optimum health.

Click here to find out the ideal amounts in more detail.